De Quervain’s (dih-kwer-VAINS) tendinitis is a condition that causes pain and tenderness at the thumb side of the wrist, at the base of the thumb and forearm. Pain is worsened with grasping or extending the thumb (pulling it back like “thumbing a ride”). People of all ages can develop this condition, which usually happens when the tendons are strained by prolonged or repetitive use of the hand, rapid or forceful hand use, or use of the hand or arm in an awkward position. Tendons at the wrist become irritated and thickened, resulting in pain when moving the thumb and grasping objects. Common forms of treatment for De Quervain’s include splinting and range-of-motion exercises. Injection for cortisone by a doctor is common treatment. Persistent cases may require surgery.
It’s estimated that as many as 75% of us will have some form of back or neck pain at some point in our lifetime. The good news is that most of us will recover without the need for surgery and conservative care such as physical therapy usually gets better results than surgery. Degenerative disk disease (DDD) is one cause of back and neck pain. Usually the result of the natural aging process, degenerative disk disease (DDD) is a type of osteoarthritis of the spine.
A discoid meniscus is an abnormally shaped meniscus (cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee) present in 1% to 3% of people born in the United States. The condition is the result of abnormal formation of the meniscus during development in the womb. While some people may be unaware of their discoid meniscus and never experience symptoms related to it, they live at a higher risk of injury than those born with a normal meniscus. A discoid meniscus is commonly detected in childhood or adolescence, and often requires surgical intervention. Physical therapists provide treatment prior to and following surgery, and for conditions not requiring surgery.
Dizziness is a common problem, especially among older adults. In fact, for people over the age of 65, dizziness is one of the most common reasons for physician visits and hospitalizations. Regardless of the cause of dizziness, the sooner you get help, the better.
Down syndrome affects about 1 in 700 babies, or approximately 6,000 babies born in the United States each year. About 400,000 people in America and over 6 million worldwide have Down syndrome. Most children with Down syndrome have delayed mental and physical development. Many children with Down syndrome have an intellectual disability, and approximately 45% of newborn babies with Down syndrome have congenital heart defects.
Elbow fracture can occur as a result of a trauma, such as a fall while you’re playing sports or while you’re just walking on a sidewalk. Fractures due to falls happen most often when people stretch the arm straight out to catch themselves as they fall. When you fall on the ground, the force travels up through the wrist, hand, and forearm and into the elbow. Fracture also can occur if you fall directly on the elbow itself.
There are 3 types of bone fractures:
Type I – a “nondisplaced” fracture, where the bone has a break but is still in normal position.
Type II – a fracture where a fragment of bone is shifted from its normal position.
Type III – the most serious type of fracture, because there are multiple breaks of the bone.
Type I and II fractures usually are treated without surgery, but type III fractures usually require surgery.
Falls can diminish your ability to lead an active and independent life. About one third of people over the age of 65 and almost half of people over the age of 80 will fall at least once this year. There usually are several reasons for a fall. Physical therapists can help you reduce your risk of falling by:
Assessing your risk of falling
Helping you make your home as safe as possible
Educating you about the medical risk factors linked to falls
Designing individualized exercises and balance training
Working with other health care professionals and community services to create programs for people who want to reduce their risk of falling
A femur fracture is a break, crack, or crush injury of the thigh bone. It is sometimes referred to as a “hip fracture”; or “broken hip” if the break is in the upper part of the bone near the hip-joint area. Femur fractures that are simple, short cracks in the bone usually do not require surgery. However, fractures that break completely through the bone, or cause the bone to be displaced or crushed, usually require immediate surgery.
chronic condition that is often difficult to diagnose, fibromyalgia affects almost 5 million people in the United States; 80% to 90% are women. Fibromyalgia usually is diagnosed in adults between the ages of 30 and 50, but the symptomsâ€”such as widespread chronic pain and fatigue can show up earlier.
Although there is no definitive cure at this time, there are treatments that can help.
Often called a stiff or “frozen shoulder,” adhesive capsulitis occurs in about 2% to 5% of the general population. It affects women more than men and typically occurs in people who are over the age of 45. Of the people who have had adhesive capsulitis in one shoulder, 20% to 30% will get it in the other shoulder.
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